TLDs are Top Level Domains and are divided into two groups:
- ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain) referring to countries, nations and geographical areas such as .it, .de, .fr, .uk or .eu (e.g. registro.it).
- gTLD (generic Top Level Domain) are generic, such as .net, .com. or .org. (e.g. fao.org)
For more details: http://www.icann.org/
Chi sono i Prestatori del Servizio di Risoluzione Dispute (PSRD)?
The Providers of Dispute Resolving Services (PDRSs) are professional firms that manage procedures for reassigning domain names that are being disputed by one or more entities that claim right to them. The PDRSs are accredited by the .it Registry and must respond to certain criteria regarding equity and transparency. The procedures for accreditation are described in a dedicated document that can be downloaded directly from the Registry's site.
The DBAN (Database of Assigned Names) is the electronic archive that is managed and continually updated by the .it Registry, where all data regarding assigned .it domain names are kept.
A Registry is the body that is responsible for assigning domain names and for managing domains and the relative technical infrastructure needed, under a particular extensions (.it, .eu, .com, etc.). The rules of the network are fixed by an international organization, Icann (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers), which is also responsible for appointing certain bodies to carry out the functions of a Registry (technically, a Registry is 'delegated' by ICANN) for managing various extensions (.it, .fr, .com, etc). In 1987, ICANN appointed the Italian National Research Council (CNR) to manage .it domains. This is how the it. Registry was founded, which has its offices at the Institute of Informatics and Telematics of the CNR in Pisa.
Domain names (16)
The minimum length for .it domain names is 3 characters (e.g.: cnr.it),
The maximum length is 63 characters (e.g.: iit.cnr.it)
Authinfo is the code that is assigned when the registration is made and it identifies univocally the domain. Registrars must notify the Registrant about this code, which is indispensable for carrying out all operations.
To check whether a .it domain has already been registered simply type in the relevant name with the .it extension into the WHOIS database (e.g. “pippo.it”, without “www”).
If the Internet is a big town, the domain names are the addresses of houses, shops and offices. The domain names are nothing more than sequences of letters and / or numbers, combined by users in a fantasy, but so they can be easily stored. They too, like the real addresses are unique and cannot be duplicated: a sequence of numbers will always correspond to just one domain name, and vice versa.
The registration of a domain name in the ccTLD .it is permitted only to persons who have citizenship, residence or a registered office in the countries of the European Economic Area (EEA), the Vatican, the Republic of San Marino, and Switzerland.
No. There are no registrations free of charge under .it.
A Registrant does not have to make any payment to the .it Registry for the maintenance of their domain. The annual fee is invoiced directly by the Registry to Registrar. The cost of maintaining each domain name invoiced to the Registrar is € 3,30 + VAT.
There is no limit to the number of domain names that can be registered.
All the numbers (0-9), letters (a-z) (ASCII), the hyphen (-) an all the characters NON ASCII which belong to the charset indicated in the “Technical Guideline”. A domain name cannot begin or end with a hyphen (-); and the first four characters cannot be the sequence "xn--", which is reserved for the IDN code of a domain name.
To recover the Authinfo, make a request directly to the Registrar. If the Registrar cannot be found or will not provide it, a Registrant can contact the Registry.
.it domain names have a duration of a year, which:
- starts from the registration of the domain name;
- or from the date of the last change (e.g. a domain name registered on 30 June 2013 for Paperino Ltd. and then transferred on 1 February 2014 to Topolino Ltd. expires on 1 February 2015).
The maintenance service of the domain name is tacitly renewed from year to year, unless rescinded, the request for which must arrive at the Registry within 15 days following the annual expiry.
You are strongly advised to keep a close check on the duration of the contract you have established with your ISP.
Registering a domain name does not protect you against similar registrations. If you are damaged by the assignment of a domain to others, you can use the law to help your case, or you can set up a dispute procedure and activate one of the alternative means of resolving disputes (arbitration / reassignment) as set forth by the Regulations for assigning and managing .it domains.
To cancel a domain, notify the Registrar.
Yes by contacting the Registrar
Yes, and in this case the old Registrant must notify the new Registrant regarding the Authinfo. The new Registrant must in turn notify the new Registrar regarding the change.
No, a Registrant must request the Registrar to do this.
No. All forms must be sent in Italian: English translations are available on the website of the Registry only for a better understanding of the text.
It is the transfer of a significant number of domains between two Registrars. The operation does not involve the Transfer of contract and keeps the Registrar transferor active. The Bulk Transfer allows the transfer of up to 500 domain names at the fixed cost of 250 euros + VAT. Each extra domain name to be transferred is charged to the Registrar at the rate of €0.50 + VAT.
NB: if the domains are fewer than the maximum foreseen (that is fewer than 500), the cost of the operation remains unchanged.
No, foreign Registrars do not have to pay VAT.
Those entities that wish to be Registrars for third parties or for themselves can have a contract with the Registry only if they have a VAT number. A private individual only in possession of a tax code cannot have a contract with the Registry. A contract can however be stipulated with a public body.
Bank transfers have to be made out to the C.N.R.:
- c/c 218155 made out to the CNR "Incassi giornalieri da altre dipendenze"specify the reason for payment, for instance "provider/maintainer contract start up",
- "payment of invoice No. X dated DD/MM/YYYY"),
bank name: Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, branch of Rome,
branch no 6392,
IBAN code: IT57S0100503392000000218155.
SWIFT/BIC code BNLIITRR